This article gives an overview of the botanical finds made during surveys, assessments and excavations of shipwrecks in the Netherlands. The wrecks date mainly from the period 16th to 18th century. Both samples of the cargo and loose botanical finds are mentioned. In addition to cultivated plants we also identified (collected) wild plants and their seeds. This last group concerns especially the arable weeds between grain cargoes. The finds are reported in relation to the wreck they were found in and all economically important species found are recorded in a catalogue.